The first thing to note is that electricity was not invented, it was discovered. Electricity is a phenomenon that has been there all through time but its discovery by man is what we are going to discuss. The proper scientific discovery of electricity is credited to Benjamin Franklin but he was not the first man to experiment with it. Static electricity was discovered and documented perhaps for the first time in 600 BC by Thales of Miletus when he mentioned that amber becomes charged on being rubbed. The term “electricity” originated from the Greek term “amber” and it was coined by William Gilbert, the father of modern electricity, in 1600. Francis Haukskee improved upon the first machine for producing static electricity which was made in 1660 by Otto Van Guericke. Robert Boyle was the first man to note down the “electric forces of attraction and repulsion transmitted through vacuum” in 1675, which helped scientists to advance the research regarding electricity further, but it was the discovery of electric conduction by Stephen Gray in 1729 that gave the field a brand new perspective. In 1733, the resinous (negative) and the vitreous (positive) forms of electricity were discovered by Charles Francois Du Fay. The discovery of the Leyden Jar, which was the first container capable of actually storing static electricity in it, is credited to Pieter van Musschenbroek in 1745.
After the concept of “electromagnetic induction” was revealed, William Watson managed to discharge the Leyden jar through a circuit in 1747. Finally, it was on 15th June, 1752 that Benjamin Franklin flew a kite during a lightning storm and put to test his theory about lightning being electrical in kind. However, much still remained to be discovered and Michael Faraday gave the field of electromagnetism a grand invention in the form of the first electric motor in 1821. The works of Henry Cavendish, Coulomb and Luigi Galvani are also invaluable as steps in bringing the use of electricity to its present state. Although the first real electric bulb was discovered by Sir Joseph Wilson Swan, it was Thomas Edison who made commercialization of the electric bulb possible by enhancing it to last for roughly 1200 hours. Electricity was discovered by not one person or at one point of time, but it was discovered in part throughout history and by many men at different points of time.