Officially, the Berlin Wall started to come down on 13th June, 1990, that is a few months after it was decided by the government in 1989, that the residents of East Germany should be allowed to travel at any place that they wished to go to. When the decision was announced over media, large masses from East Germany gathered near the Berlin Wall and demanded that it should be taken down so that the East Germans can travel to West Berlin at last. Whatever little that remains of the Berlin Wall today, is at Bernauer Strasse and Neiderkirchnerstrasse.
The Berlin Wall has an interesting and painful history to it actually. The basic problem or reason as to why the Berlin Wall was put up in the first place stems from the fact that Berlin was controlled by two opposing superpowers at the same time. From the West, Berlin was under the US and the allied forces, while East Berlin was under the command of the Soviet Union. Residents of East Berlin and East Germany had begun to show their frustrations with the Communist government and were starting to move to the west in large numbers. The first Berlin Wall might not have been made with artistic care but it was an expertly planned move. Paving stones and barbed wire were put up over night and tanks were placed strategically near the subways and the stations. The entire move was primarily initiated by the Soviet Union on August 13th, 1961, to stop East Germans from moving into West Berlin controlled by the Allied Power. The wall managed to cut off the two parts of Germany from each other as quickly as within a day and as a result, families got separated with no way to get in touch with anytime soon. Things got worse as a second border wall was now constructed with concrete. The New Berlin Wall, which started in 1965, had everything that a border wall usually has, starting from the guard towers to the nail-beds. A popular term which is often mentioned to describe the area that lay between the two walls is “Death Strip”. The name was given because people with families on the other side of the Berlin Wall often tried to cross the infamous walls and most of them met with inevitable and gruesome death.