Oregon became the 33rd member to join as a state with the United States of America on the 14th of February, in 1859. At this time, the Civil War was on the verge of breaking out and Oregon had remained neutral to the entire topic. Of course, it neither practiced slavery, nor encouraged it, but the law in Oregon still forbade any slaves or colored Americans to enter their state to avoid the extremely controversial and sensitive issue of slavery, altogether.
Oregon was always more focused towards business and industrialization and thus they flourished. Oregon was famous for having developed strong fishing, mining; timber and farming industries that only improved with time and it still remains one of the top industrial states in the US today. The reason as to why Oregon achieved such success in business was because of the fact that people had immigrated over here with the hope to prosper and little else occupied their minds other than that ambition. Most of these immigrants had entered Oregon from the eastern states after traveling through the famous Oregon Trail, which was two thousand miles long and lay between the Pacific and the eastern states. Many of these people had made the journey entirely on foot and the number of such people was in the thousands. It was the joint effort and willpower of these people that got them the statehood after being just a territory of the United States for eleven years from 1848 to 1859. The Constitution of Oregon was already approved and in effect from 9th November, 1857, even before Oregon received statehood officially on 14th February, 1859.
Had it not been for the upcoming Civil War and the debate among the congressmen regarding the slavery issue, Oregon would have joined the US as the 33rd state fourteen months prior to the date on which it attained statehood. It should be noted that when President Buchanan at last granted statehood to Oregon, it joined the US as a state where African-Americans would not be treated as slaves, or in other words, as a “free” state.