The official date on which California was declared to be the 31st state of the United States of America is 9th September, 1850. California was for a long time, colonized by Russia, England and later by Spain. In fact, Spain ruled over California until the year 1821, but when Mexico was finally liberated from the Spanish rule that year, California naturally came under the governance of Mexico. About twenty-five years later in 1846, the non-Mexicans in California became the new caretakers of California as a direct result of the USA – Mexico war of 1846. From 1847 to 1849, California was under the military rule of the USA and the leaders of the military force stationed there, governed all the socio-political and economic activities within California. When Bennett Riley became the military governor of California, he abolished the controversial issue of slavery on September, 1849. Only two months after the abolishment of slavery from California by Riley, an elected government replaced the military rule over California in November. The abolishment and the newly formed government worked in favor of California attaining statehood under the recognition of the Congress only about a year after, but not without controversies and some heavy arguments.
The first capital of the new State of California was chosen to be San Jose, but it was soon replaced by Monterey. After Monterey it was the turn of Vallejo and Benicia respectively to be declared as the state capital. The shifting finally stopped finally in 1854 when Sacramento was chosen to be the capital. “Eureka”, the Greek synonym for “I have found it”, made its way on the California State Seal first in 1849 and is still there today. The reason as to why the term “Eureka” was used is unclear, although most agree that it is to mark the “Gold Rush” of California. In fact, the popularity of the “Eureka” motto was so influential that even though it was supposed to be changed to “In God We Trust” in 1957, it remained unchanged.